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Medical Errors Annotated Bibliography

Medical Errors Annotated Bibliography

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  • Create a 3-5-page annotated bibliography and summary based on your research related to best practices addressing one of the health care problems or issues in the Assessment Topic Areas media piece faced by a health care organization that is of interest to you.

    INTRODUCTION

    In your professional life you will need to find credible evidence to support your decisions and your plans of action. You will want to keep abreast of best practices to help your organization adapt to the ever-changing health care environment. Being adept at research will help you find the information you need. For this assessment, you will review the Assessment Topic Areas media piece and select one of the health care problems or issues to research a current health care problem or issue faced by a health care organization that is of interest to you.

    DEMONSTRATION OF PROFICIENCY

    By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:

    • Competency 1: Apply information literacy and library research skills to obtain scholarly information in the field of health care.
      • Identify academic peer-reviewed journal articles relevant to a health care problem or issue and describe the criteria used for the literature search.
    • Competency 2: Apply scholarly information through critical thinking to solve problems in the field of health care.
      • Assess the credibility and relevance of information sources.
      • Summarize what was learned from developing an annotated bibliography.
      • Analyze academic peer-reviewed journal articles using the annotated bibliography organizational format.
    • Competency 4: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others, and that is consistent with expectations for health care professionals.
      • Summarize a health care problem or issue and describe a personal interest in it and experience with it.
      • Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
      • Write following APA style for in-text citations, quotes, and references.

    INSTRUCTIONS

    Note: The requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. At a minimum, be sure to address each point. In addition, you are encouraged to review the performance level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed.For this assessment, you will research best practices related to a current health care problem. Your selected problem or issue will be utilized again in Assessment 3. To explore your chosen topic, you should use the first two steps of the Socratic Problem-Solving Approach to aid your critical thinking.

    1. View the Assessment Topic Areas | Transcript media piece and select one of the health care problems or issues in the media piece to research. Write a brief overview of the selected topic. In your overview:
      • Describe the health care problem or issue.
      • Describe your interest in the topic.
      • Describe any professional experience you have with this topic.
    2. Conduct a search for scholarly or academic peer-reviewed literature related to the topic and describe the criteria you used to search for articles, including the names of the databases you used.
      • You will want to access the applicable Undergraduate Library Research Guide related to your degree (found at the NHS Learner Success Lab) for tips to help you in your search.
      • Use keywords related to the health care problem or issue you are researching to select relevant articles.
    3. Assess the credibility of the information sources you find.
      • Determine if the source is from an academic peer-reviewed journal.
      • Determine if the publication is current.
      • Determine if information in the academic peer-reviewed journal article is still relevant.
    4. Select four current scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles published during the past three to five years that relate to your topic.
    5. Explain the relevance of the information sources.
      • Describe how the health care problem or issue is addressed in each source.
      • Discuss what kind of contribution each source provides on your selected topic.
    6. Analyze the scholarly literature or academic peer-reviewed journal articles using the annotated bibliography organizational format.
      • The purpose of an annotated bibliography is to document a list of references along with key information about each one. The detail about the reference is the annotation. Developing this annotated bibliography will create a foundation of knowledge about the selected topic.
      • List the full reference for the source in APA format (author, date, title, publisher, et cetera) and use APA format for the annotated bibliography.
      • Make sure the references are listed in alphabetical order, are double-spaced, and use hanging indents.
      • Follow the reference with the annotation.
    7. In your annotation:
      • Identify the purpose of the article.
      • Summarize the source:
        • What are the main arguments?
        • What topics are covered?
      • Include the conclusions and findings of the article.
      • Write your annotation in a paragraph form. The annotation should be approximately 150 words (1 to 3 paragraphs) in length.
    8. In a separate paragraph or two at the end of the paper, summarize what you learned from your research.
      • List the main points you learned from your research.
      • Summarize the main contributions of the sources you chose and how they enhanced your knowledge about the topic.

    Example Assessment: You may use the following to give you an idea of what a Proficient or higher rating on the scoring guide would look like:

    Additional Requirements
    1. Length: At least 3–5 typed, double-spaced pages, not including the title page and reference page.
    2. Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.
    3. APA Template: Use the APA template linked in the resources. Use the APA Style Paper Template [DOCX] as the paper format and the APA Style Paper Tutorial [DOCX] for guidance.
    4. Written communication: Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
    5. Content: Provide a title page and reference page following APA style.
    6. References: Use at least four scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles.
    7. APA format: Follow current APA guidelines for in-text citation of outside sources in the body of your paper and also on the reference page.

    Note: Review the Applying Research Skills Scoring Guide for the grading criteria applied to this assessment.If you would like assistance in organizing your assessment, or if you simply have a question about your assessment, please do not hesitate to ask faculty or the teaching assistants in the NHS Learner Success Lab for guidance and suggestions.Note: Your instructor may also use the Writing Feedback Tool to provide feedback on your writing. In the tool, click the linked resources for helpful writing information.

  • Socratic Problem-Solving Approach

    The Socratic Method is a teaching style in which teachers ask students questions designed to stimulate more complete thinking and deeper insight. It also relates to the steps of performing scientific research. When the Socratic approach is applied, students are prompted to look more closely at your ideas, question your assumptions and accepted premises, and view your choices through a rigorous lens.

    Apply the Socratic approach

    Applying the Socratic approach to problem solving helps you identify gaps and improve your thinking when writing papers or completing projects. The questions may be used to spark new insights when responding to discussion topics and posts.

    Socratic problem-solving references

    Paul, R., & Elder., L. (2006) The miniature guide to critical thinking concepts & tools (4th ed.). Dillon Beach, CA: The Foundation for Critical Thinking.

    Wertheim, E. G. (n.d.). A model for case analysis and problem solving. College of Business Administration, Northeastern University. Retrieved August 7, 2007, from http://web.cba.neu.edu/ewertheim/introd/cases.htm (Material no longer available at this link.)

    *Source: Dictionary.com

      

    RELATED RESOURCES

    Apply critical thinking

    Learn more about applying the Socratic approach when creating discussion posts.

    Socratic problem-solving approach

    Identify gaps and improve your thinking when writing a course paper or completing a project.

    Practice Activity

    Use the Socratic approach when responding to a discussion question.

     

    Topic 3: Medication Errors

    Short Description:

    A medication error is a preventable adverse effect of a patient taking the wrong medication or dosage, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient. Medication errors can be a source of serious patient harm, including death.

    Potential Intervention Approaches:

    • Medical staff education
    • Packaging improvements
    • Patient medication safety training

    Keywords for Articles:

    medication administration, medication errors, medication safety

    References:

    Cohen, M. (2016). Medication errors (miscellaneous). Nursing. 46(2):72, February 2016. DOI: 10.1097/01.NURSE.0000476239.09094.06

    Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2017). Improve Core Processes for Administering Medications. http://www.ihi.org/resources/Pages/Changes/ImproveCoreProcessesforAdministeringMedications.aspx

    Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2012). Table 6: Categories of Medication Error Classification. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/quality-patient-safety/patient-safety-resources/resources/match/matchtab6.html

    Schmidt, K., Taylor, A., & Pearson, A. (2017). Reduction of medication errors: A unique approach. Journal of Nursing Care Quality. 32(2), April/June 2017, 150–156.

     

    Example:

    Running head: APPLYING RESEARCH SKILLS 1

    Applying Research

    Learner’s Name
    Capella University Developing a Health Care Perspective Applying Research Skills February, 2018

    Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.

    Comment [A1]: You effectively used the APA Template paper format.

    Skills

    APPLYING RESEARCH SKILLS

    Applying Research Skills
    With the advent of new technologies and treatment methods, health care organizations

    2

    are facing many challenges. Patient safety is one such challenge that needs to be addressed not only by health care professionals but also by other stakeholders in the business. Ensuring patient safety is essential for providing quality health care.

    As a medical transcriptionist, I am responsible for converting voice-recorded reports of health care professionals into text. Although I am not directly involved in treating patients, any errors that occur during the transcription process could result in inaccurate documentation of medical data. For example, one of my colleagues documented the dosage of Lasix as 400 mg instead of 40 mg in a discharge summary. When the health care professional who had dictated the report reviewed it, he was able to spot the error in the dosage and correct it, which helped prevent the patient from having a dangerous reaction to the incorrect dosage. This incident helped me realize the importance of preparing accurate documents for ensuring patient safety and delivering quality care. I developed a keen interest in issues relating to patient safety ever

    .

    Identifying Academic Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

    Using Summon, Capella University Library’s search engine, I accessed databases relating to health care, such as ProQuest Central and PubMed Central. I used keywords such as health care issues, patient safety, and quality of care to search for peer-reviewed literature relevant to patient safety. Using the advanced search option, I limited my search to scholarly and peer- reviewed journals, choosing journal article as the publication type, medicine and nursing as the subjects, and articles published within the last five years as the publication date range.

    Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.

    Comment [A2]: You effectively summarized a health care problem and described an interest in the topic, and provided an informative example.

    since

    APPLYING RESEARCH SKILLS 3

    Assessing Credibility and Relevance of Information

    To ensure credibility, I selected peer-reviewed journal articles that were published within the past five . I made sure that the selected sources were published by authors who were well-known in the field of health care and had extensive professional experience.

    To ensure that the chosen sources of information were relevant to the topic, I confirmed that they contained accepted facts and opinions on issues relating to patient safety and quality care. I also checked whether each information source had a clearly defined purpose and contained pertinent information about patient safety and quality care.

    Annotated Bibliography

    Kronick, R., Arnold, S., & Brady, J. (2016, August 2). Improving safety for hospitalized patients: Much progress but many challenges remain. The JAMA Network, 316(5), 489–490. Retrieved from https://jamanetwork- com.library.capella.edu/journals/jama/fullarticle/2528945

    article provides a viewpoint on the progress that hospitals have made toward reducing patient harm and understand the factors that have led to this progress. The authors cite reports released by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) to analyze the occurrence of issues relating to patient safety in hospitals. The authors hypothesize that improvement in health care safety for hospitalized patients may have been possible because of reasons such as an awareness of the importance of improving safety culture with evidence-based suggestions. The authors conclude by expressing the need for finding ways to maintain or accelerate the rate of decline in adverse events relating to patient harm. They believe that

    Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.

    Sources

    years

    Comment [A3]: Sub-headers are a helpful resource to use to organize your writing!

    Comment [A4]: As you noted, it is best to select current peer-reviewed academic journal articles to ensure current practices.

    This

    Comment [A5]: In your annotation, you effectively identified the purpose of the article.

    APPLYING RESEARCH SKILLS 4

    investing in patient safety research programs and ensuring that patient safety remains a high priority for hospital leadership teams can help reduce the number of adverse events. This article is relevant to patient safety because it examines evidence of reduction in patient harms in hospitals and offers approaches to reduce such harms.

    Morris, S., Otto, N. C., & Golemboski, K. (2013). Improving patient safety and healthcare quality in the 21st century—Competencies required of future medical laboratory science practitioners. Clinical Laboratory Science, 26(4), 200–204. Retrieved from https://search- proquest- com.library.capella.edu/docview/1530677721/fulltextPDF/CF6F9C5B900402CPQ/1?acc ountid=27965

    In this article, the authors express their concern about health care professionals, particularly medical laboratory science (MLS) practitioners, being insufficiently trained to achieve the five core competencies that the Institute of Medicine (IOM) identified in 2002. The authors discuss ways to incorporate patient safety practices and concepts in the MLS curricula to ensure that future MLS practitioners are well-versed in the above- mentioned competencies identified by the . The authors conclude that by focusing on the aims and competencies identified by the IOM, future practitioners will be better equipped to deal with patient safety concerns while practicing MLS. This article was chosen because it offers a solution for dealing with patient safety issues and explains how patient safety concepts can be incorporated in the curricula for courses pertaining to

    Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.

    Comment [A6]: In your annotation, you clearly summarized the main argument and the topics covered.

    IOM

    APPLYING RESEARCH SKILLS 5

    health care, such as MLS, to enable future health care practitioners to provide effective health care.

    Parand, A., Dopson, S., Renz, A., & Vincent, C. (2014). The role of hospital managers in quality and patient safety: A systematic review. BMJ Open, 4(9). http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005055
    This article provides a systematic review of available empirical literature to understand how health care managers are involved in delivering quality health care and ensuring patient safety. Based on the literature review, the authors suggest that board-level managers should spend more than 25% of their time on patient safety and quality to ensure positive outcomes; however, most of the reviewed studies indicate that they spend much less time than that. The authors also present a quality management input process output (IPO) model, a framework that will help managers function effectively and achieve health care quality and safety. The authors conclude that there is a need to make certain changes in hospitals to ensure the active involvement of managers in quality

    . The article is relevant to patient safety because it discusses the role of

    health care managers in influencing patient safety and quality care outcomes and also

    proposes a model to help managers understand this role.
    Ulrich, B., & Kear, T. (2014). safety and patient safety culture: Foundations of excellent

    health care delivery. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 41(5), 447–456, 505. Retrieved from https://search-proquest-

    Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.

    Comment [A7]: In your annotation, you effectively included the conclusions and findings of the article.

    Comment [A8]: You listed the full reference for the source in APA format (author, date, title, publisher, et cetera) and used APA format for the annotated bibliography. An impressive application of APA formatting!

    improvement

    Patient

    APPLYING RESEARCH SKILLS 6

    com.library.capella.edu/docview/1617932572/fulltextPDF/1486CC30B3624B3CPQ/1?ac countid=27965
    This article provides a general understanding of the concepts of patient safety and patient safety culture. The authors explain that the health care system is complex and patient safety is the responsibility of every individual in a health care organization. They discuss some tools that can be used to measure patient safety culture, for example, the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire and the Patient Safety Culture Improvement Tool. They also examine several strategies to encourage a patient safety culture, such as ensuring that patient safety is given as much importance as other core business functions. This article was chosen because it offers strategies for preventing adverse events relating to patient safety and emphasizes the importance of teamwork within a health care organization to ensure safe patient care.

    Learnings From the Research

    I gathered important facts and scholarly opinions about patient safety by going through peer-reviewed journal . This research enriched my knowledge about patient safety. For example, after reading the article on improving safety for hospitalized patients by Kronick, Arnold, and Brady (2016), I learned about patient harms (such as catheter-associated urinary tract infections and pressure ulcers) that I was unaware of before this research. Further, by creating an annotated bibliography, I was able to build a repository of scholarly resources relating to patient safety. This will make it easier for me to choose relevant resources while writing the paper on issues concerning patient .Medical Errors Annotated Bibliography

    Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.

    Comment [A9]: Peer-reviewed journal articles are validated sources. Outstanding article choices!

    Comment [A10]: You effectively summarized the main points learned from your research.

    articles

    safety

    APPLYING RESEARCH SKILLS

    7

    References
    Kronick, R., Arnold, S., & Brady, J. (2016, August 2). Improving safety for hospitalized patients:

    Much progress but many challenges remain. The JAMA Network, 316(5), 489–490. Retrieved from https://jamanetwork- com.library.capella.edu/journals/jama/fullarticle/2528945

    Morris, S., Otto, N. C., & Golemboski, K. (2013). Improving patient safety and healthMedical Errors Annotated Bibliographycare quality in the 21st century—Competencies required of future medical laboratory science practitioners. Clinical Laboratory Science, 26(4), 200–204. Retrieved from https://search- proquest- com.library.capella.edu/docview/1530677721/fulltextPDF/CF6F9C5B900402CPQ/1?acc ountid=27965

    Parand, A., Dopson, S., Renz, A., & Vincent, C. (2014). The role of hospital managers in quality and patient safety: A systematic review. BMJ Open, 4(9). http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005055

    Ulrich, B., & Kear, T. (2014). Patient safety and patient safety culture: Foundations of excellent health care delivery. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 41(5), 447–456, 505. Retrieved from https://search-proquest- com.library.capella.edu/docview/1617932572/fulltextPDF/1486CC30B3624B3CPQ/1?ac countid=27965

    Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.Medical Errors Annotated Bibliography

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Coordination Care Plan

    Erik Hovsepyan

    Capella University

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Coordination Care plan

    Introduction                                                                                                

    Care coordination serves to ensure that there is service integration for the satisfaction of individuals’ needs in the medical field. Services that are collaborative and those that are focused on recovery connecting people to health care opportunities and services are the main provision of the care coordination plan. Coordination care has a necessity that is primary of chronically ill patients’ management. A preliminary coordination care plan creates an illness challenge to social relation alteration and to identity that is personal and uncertain creation. Since an effect on one life sphere may affect the other sphere of life, it’s very much worrying (Jones et al, 2018). Chronic diseases cause social problems, which cause a tremendous and complicated impact on the provision of service to the patient calling for friends, family, and approaches that are multidisciplinary in the provision of care in dealing with the chronic condition that mostly seems more complicated to the patient. Solely reason provides that the patient problems that are interconnected should, on rare occasions, fall in the hand of one professional (Jones et al., 2018). This, therefore, resorts to the creation of coordination plans and approaches that are multidisciplinary to get a solution to chronic patient concerns.  In my new role as a health care coordinator in our health facility, I identify an individual from the community, and my coordination care plan for the coordination process with the client is as presented below.Medical Errors Annotated Bibliography

    Coordination Care Plan

    Depression

    Patient’s Details                                

    Patient Name: Terry Johnson

    Date of birth: 08/10/1995

    Address: tjohnson@gmail.com

    Payer Source: Medical Insurance Company

    Secondary Source: Journals on medicine

    Preliminary Care Coordination Plan

    Health Concern

    On focusing on my care coordination plan of a patient known as Laetitia (not her real name), I identified depression as her health concern. Generally, depression is a mental health problem identified with an obstinately depressed state or lack of interest in a person’s usual activities that prompt consequential damage to a person’s everyday activities. Its possible causes comprise social, psychological, and biological distress sources (Battle et al, 2010). These factors might also bring about massive changes in the brain’s functioning, including the alteration of activities of some mind neural circuits. Laetitia is clinically depressed because of her persistent sadness and lack of interest in her usual activities, thus characterizing a significant depression that has prompted a range of physical and behavioral symptoms. Some other symptoms she displays include changes in sleeping patterns, decreased appetite, reduced concentration, and self-esteem. It was also previously reported that Laetitia had, in the past, tried to commit suicide.Medical Errors Annotated Bibliography

    Several best practices can be applied to improve her health. One of these best approaches includes prescribing depression drugs known as antidepressant drugs for her. These drugs include the SSRIs, an abbreviation for Selective Serotonin Reuptake inhibitors, which are the most known choice since they are practical and have lesser side effects than older antidepressants. Other than SSRIs, other antidepressants that can be prescribed include escitalopram, citalopram, fluoxetine, paroxetine, and sertraline.

    Another best approach is to talk about therapy or psychotherapy. This is particularly effective when merged with antidepressant treatment. Other treatments like E.C.T. (electroconvulsive therapy), V.N.S. (vagus nerve stimulation) will only be used if she does not respond to both the talk therapy the antidepressant therapy approach (Hallgren et al., 2010).  Also, this calls even on the intervention of her friends and family. This is because the collaboration and coordination of health sector resources and services are solely needed for a proper solution that is not based on only one professional. This, in turn, makes it very important to have a coordinated care plan for an appropriate and well-managed service coordination process.Medical Errors Annotated Bibliography

    Treatment Plan

    Laetitia’s treatment plan involves setting a few short-term and long-term goals to help her live the life she desires and manage her mental heal. Thus, this section of the paper mainly focuses on identifying the treatment goals set for Laetitia, seeking outpatient depression treatment. Some of the short-term goals include walking up by a particular time, completing the available household tasks, calling for support groups, introducing herself to new members in her workplace, exercising, and sticking to her everyday schedule (Hannigan et al., 2018). Long-term treatment goals include building or improving how she relates with her friends or family members, finding or keeping the job she enjoys, organizing her home, incrementing positive health activities like eating a healthy diet, and involving herself in community or volunteering services. Another long-term goal to get herself an encouraging support network as she works towards accomplishing these goals. One way of making this possible by having a responsible partner. A person that holds her responsible for accomplishing her goals and holds him for accomplishing his. This will improve her health condition in all ways.Medical Errors Annotated Bibliography

    Available Community Resources and Services/Referrals

    There is a number of available community services; these services include; hosting of fundraising and donating money, requesting for charitable donations, charity walk and run participation, local non-profitable activities volunteering, offering free tutoring services, and many others. The community resources available for safe and effective continuum care for Laetitia include WebMD, a depression and mental health online community where she can search out for any available depression specialist within her region and discover a lot of timely data on depression from hospitals recommended by the WebMD doctors. There also mental health organizations like NAMI (National Alliance on Mental Illness) and the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (NSPL). Nami is a mental health firm devoted to enhancing the lives of a lot of depressed Americans. NSPL, on the other hand, is a toll-free and private hotline for preventing suicide for anybody experiencing emotional distress or suicidal crisis. This will be of great help to Laetitia due to previous failed suicidal attempts.  Other community resources available include:

    • Hospitals
    • The patient’s Community treatment hospitals that are available are; Cleveland clinic, Hero’s hospital, Rochester clinic, John-Hopkins general hospital, Cedars Sinai Medical center, UCLA Center, and New York Hospital.
    • Education Services
    • Education services available in the community include centers for training and instructions such as colleges, schools, training centers, and universities.
    • Rehabilitation Services
    • Rehabilitation services in the community include; cognitive therapy, mental health rehabilitation services, language and speech therapy, and physical and occupational therapy.
    • Pharmacies
    • The community’s available pharmacies include; Kroger Company, Omnicare, Safeway, Supervalu Inc., Walgreens, and Walmart stores.Medical Errors Annotated Bibliography
    • D.M.E. Equipment Providers
    • M.E. (Durable medical equipment) providers in the community include; A.R.C. Distributors, A+ Products Inc, A.A.P. Implantate AG, Abbott, and Abilitation Inc.
    • Incontinence Service Providers
    • Service providers in the Incontinence field include; Jerusalem hospital, Rawls King, Einstein Hope, Safeway, and Clean-path.
    • Parenteral Service and Enteral Nutrition Providers
    • The community parenteral service providers include; The Walkers, Chasers Hospital, John-Hopkins general hospital, Cedars Sinai Medical center, UCLA Center, and New York Hospital.
    • Social Services
    • Social services available in the community include; food subsidies, education, police services, lobbying, community management adoption, job training, and fire services.
    • Transition Services
      • There are vocational training and post-secondary education transitional services available in the community.
    • Transportation ServicesMedical Errors Annotated Bibliography
    • The available modes of transport include; roadways, railways, waterways, pipelines, and airways
    • Skilled Nursing Services
    • The skilled nursing services include nurse skills under professional supervision for management, evaluation, observation of health conditions, and therapy treatment.

    Cultural Needs

    Cultural needs involve individuals’ cultural norms and norms which need to be considered, for example; Religious beliefs, customs, traditions, laws, and architectural style that highly varies among communities.

    Schizophrenia

    Patient’s Details

    Patient Name:         Mia Malik

    Date of birth:           16/11/1987

    Address:                    malikm@gmail.com

    Payer Source:            Medical Insurance Company

    Secondary Source:    Journals on medicineMedical Errors Annotated Bibliography

    Preliminary Care Coordination Plan

    Health concerns

    During the care plan identified, the patient had schizophrenia, a mental disorder that causes the affected patients to have an abnormal interpretation of reality. Some of the symptoms include delusions and hallucinations. Also, the patients experience behavior and thinking disorder that disrupts their daily activities. Mia was suffered from schizophrenia since she could not coordinate speech and could have episodes of hallucination and delusions because he claimed to experience scenarios that were not present at the moment (Conley, 2016). The exact causes of the condition are unknown, but the researchers suggest that some environmental factors, including stress, can contribute to schizophrenia disorder.

    The patients’ health condition can be improved by combining some approaches, including antipsychotic medication, which manipulates the patients’ serotonin and dopamine hormones to manage delusions and hallucinations. Also, physiological therapy, including psych educations and cognitive behavioral therapy. The management must incorporate the family from training skills on schizophrenia management.Medical Errors Annotated Bibliography

    Treatment plan

    Mia’s treatment plan involves both the long-term and short-term goals for the patient’s medications and treatments to realize reality-based thought and execute verbal communication. Also, for the patient to conduct neural activity topics and share the environmental observation, which represents the treatment’s short-term results. In the long term, the patient is expected to communicate in an understandable manner to her friends and family members.

     Interventions

    Establishing a baseline that will ensure realistic goals for the effective care plan identifies the psychotic medication plan. Also, ensure when talking to the patients, the voice is low and in a calm environment. Short, frequent sessions should be planned with the patients by using simple words and gentle directions. Focus on meaningful activities should be maintained, and replace negative perception with a constructive and positive thought.Medical Errors Annotated Bibliography

    Community resources

    The community support groups of schizophrenia involve health care facilities, national alliances on mental health, and mental health facilities that ensure robust support for the affected patients. The pharmacies offering emergency medications are also viable community resources.

    Anxiety disorder

    Patient’s Details

    Patient Name: John White

    Date of birth: 14/12/1995

    Address: malikm@gmail.com

    Payer Source:  Medical Insurance Company

    Secondary Source: Journals on medicineMedical Errors Annotated Bibliography

     

    Preliminary Care Coordination Plan

    Health concerns

    After interaction with the patient, I discovered the patient was suffering from an anxiety disorder, which manifested in depicting unusual panic disorders without significant reasons and exhibiting unwavering worries and unwarranted fear of various objects. The anxiety causes the affected patient to have distress, which impairs their daily expressions. Jacob presented with episodes of panic attacks, which were sufficient markers to suffer from anxiety disorders.

    Interventions

    Some of the interventions to realize resilience include recognizing a patient’s anxiety and ensuring presence and touch to remind patients they are not alone. Also, familiarize patients with new individuals and environment and ensure peaceful interaction with the patients. Another crucial measure is communicating using simple language and reinforcing the patient’s expressions of discomfort and pain (Craske, 2015). Also, the patients should be assisted in identifying anxiety triggers to have a situational response and encouraging them to maintain a positive perception that anxiety is not lethal.Medical Errors Annotated Bibliography

    Community resources

    The community resources that exist to reinforce anxiety disorders management include mental health facilities that offer medication services and follow up. Support groups that ensure there are psychosocial assistances, including anxiety disorder associations. Mental institutes and health facilities. The community resources offer both management and treatment services to the affected individuals.

    Hourly Nursing and Respite Care Services

    Care services include; talking at sitting with a disabled person, bathing, dressing, and exercising, helping medication, helping the disabled get in and out of bed, assisting in travel lighting, housekeeping, and many others.

    Conclusion

    A preliminary coordination care plan is very important and more effective in managing chronic conditions. It provides a confident solution to the patient and also promotes teamwork. Patients should strictly follow the plan to manage their conditions.  A preliminary coordination care plan creates an illness challenge to social relation alteration and to identity that is personal and uncertain creation. Since an effect on one life sphere may affect the other sphere of life, it’s very much worrying.Medical Errors Annotated Bibliography

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    References

    Battle, C. L., Uebelacker, L., Friedman, M. A., Cardemil, E. V., Beevers, C. G., & Miller, I. W. (2010). Treatment goals of depressed outpatients: a qualitative investigation of goals identified by participants in a depression treatment trial. Journal of psychiatric practice, 16(6), 425.Medical Errors Annotated Bibliography

    Cardoso, E. M., Reis, C., & Manzanares-Céspedes, M. C. (2018). Chronic periodontitis, inflammatory cytokines, and interrelationship with other chronic diseases. Postgraduate medicine, 130(1), 98-104.

    Conley, R. R., & Kelly, D. L. (2016). Management of treatment resistance in schizophrenia. Biological psychiatry, 50(11), 898-911.

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