Nursing Bias in the Nursing Career
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background, it is common that we share different cultures, religion and values. It is not uncommon that we may unconsciously bring our bias to take care our patients. Bias can influent the interaction with the patients and furthermore affect the outcomes of patient care. Even unconscious bias may inadvertently propagate health disparities, affect trainee evaluations, hinder faculty satisfaction and exclude populations from meaningful research. (Arvizo, 2019) Discussion of bias My specialty track is nursing educator. According to Urhahne (2015), teacher expectations and judgments related to student achievements can play a huge role in whether or not a teacher favors a student. As an educator, before we even have a conversation with a student, we may already formulate many opinions based on that student’s race, appearance, and other factors, hence we may have some expectations related to those opinions.
Expectations will affect the way of how we treat this student. For example, If I really like the student, I may be extra patient to him, I may give him more chances to express his opinion and give him extra support and all my above behavior will affect his performance in this class. However, this is unfair to the other students. On the other hand, if I have low expectation on one student, I will underestimated his intelligence and potential, which will affect the way I interact with him in class. Bias can affect teacher’s expectations and behaviors, furthermore, it will have a bad influence on student’s achievement and success. Personal Bias After finishing The Harvard University implicit bias self-inventory, I have deeper insights on the implicit biases that I may have. Implicit bias exists when people unconsciously hold attitudes toward others. I was very surprised to find out that I may have bias against people with advanced age. This is an implicit bias because I never purposely have a prejudice on people with advanced age, in fact, I am always nicer and more patient to the older patients. I may think older patients always react more slowly or they are not healthy as young patients, hence I always anticipate that they will need more support from me, and that is a bias. Strategy to Reduce Bias No one wants to admit to having these biases, especially for health care professionals. Acknowledge our bias is always the first and also the most important step to reduce our bias. After we honestly address our bias, the next step is to disengage our bias(Amanda, 2020).
One strategy is to write down our action to disengage our unconscious bias. For example, “ I will not associate elderly patients with weakness and slow cognitive function. “And next, I will try to counter-stereotype them as wit, full of life experiences. Self- reflection Although many healthcare professionals don’t see themselves as being biased, our patients may be negatively impacted because of our unconscious bias. As healthcare professionals, we should continuously educate ourselves to broaden our horizons, and that will reduce both implicit and explicit biases. We should always put ourselves in patients’ shoes, and make a conscious effort to understand their situation. We must be able to empathize with our patients and their circumstances to fully disengage our biases. All the patients deserve our best care. Nursing Bias in the Nursing Career
References Arvizo C, Garrison E. Diversity and inclusion: the role of unconscious bias on patient care, health outcomes and the workforce in obstetrics and gynaecology. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2019;31(5):356–362. Pamela B Dunagan, Laura P Kimble, Susan Sweat Gunby, Margaret M Andrews Baccalaureate Nursing Students’ Attitudes of Prejudice: A Qualitative Inquiry J Nurs Educ 2016 Jun 1;55(6):345-8.doi: 10.3928/01484834-20160516-08. Urhahne, D. (2015). Teacher behavior as a mediator of the relationship between teacher judgment and students motivation and emotion. Teaching and Teacher Education, 45, 73-82. doi:10.1016/j.tate.2014.09.006 Veesart, Amanda; Barron, Alison Made Incredibly Easy!: March/April 2020 – Volume 18 – Issue 2 – p 47-49 : 10.1097/01.NME.0000653208.69994.12 … Nursing Bias in the Nursing Career