Physiology discussion

Physiology discussion


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Physiology discussion

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Physiology: Signature Assignment For your signature assignment, compose a 3- to 4-page case analysis (in addition to a title, abstract, and a reference page) written in APA format with at least 3 references, with one non-Internet reference. The following should be covered in the paper: • Title page: Case title, full name, section, date, instructor, and campus • Abstract: Summarize the case. • Introduction: Explain the physiological importance of the liver, pancreas, and kidneys for the proper functioning of the human body. • Body: Respond to the prompts. Organize your analysis with headings that thoroughly answer the prompts (e.g., “Calcium and Sodium Imbalance” should be the heading for question 1). Physiology discussion
• Conclusion: Summarize the paper in a paragraph. By submitting this paper, you agree to the following: (1) you are submitting your paper to be used and stored as part of the SafeAssign services in accordance with the Blackboard Privacy Policy; (2) your institution may use your paper in accordance with your institution’s policies; and (3) your use of SafeAssign will be without recourse against Blackboard, Inc., and its affiliates. Rev 12-17-17 End-Stage Kidney Disease Sarah, a 63-year-old female with a past medical history significant for diabetes mellitus, cirrhosis, gout, and a 30-pack a year smoking history presents to the emergency room with chest pain revealing pericarditis in the echocardiogram, secondary to recently diagnosed end-stage renal disease. Physical examination reveals yellowish discoloration to the skin and sclera, multiple bruises, 2+ bilateral edema, and weakness lasting more than three weeks. Her medications include Glisten, a new drug for diabetes that causes ATP sensitive potassium channels to close, thereby releasing insulin. Physiology discussion
Her recent laboratory results are as follows: CBC Sodium Glucose Calcium Red blood cell count 126 mEq/L 220 mmol/L 7.1 mg/dl 3.9 cells/ul Vitals Blood Pressure 92/64 mmHg Blood Gases pH CO2 HCO3 Renin ADH Aldosterone Vit D Vit K Vit E Vit A Stool color Stool content Urine color Rev 12-17-17 7.28 30 mmHg 12 mmol/L Hormone Panel Low Elevated Low Vitamins Low Low Low Low Urine and Stool Sample Gray Increased Fat Content White Please address each of the following regarding Sarah’s case: 1. Explain the cause for her low calcium and sodium levels. 2. Explain the cause of her anemia. What laboratory test should indicate she is suffering from anemia? Physiology discussion
3. Explain the cause of her hypotension. How will her body attempt to establish homeostasis? 4. What type of acid-base disorder has she developed, and how will her body compensate? 5. Explain the cause of her elevated ADH and glucose levels. 6. What is the correlation between her illnesses and the low vitamins (D, K, E, and A), renin, and aldosterone levels? 7. Which hormone would the body elevate in response to her low calcium levels? Why? 8. Explain the physiological reason behind her physical findings (yellowish hint of the skin, sclera, multiple bruises, weakness, and edema). 9. Explain the cause of her abnormal stool and urine sample. 10. What cell does Glisten work on? Explain how this medication is able to stimulate insulin secretion. Support your opinions with evidence from your readings and research. Review the rubric for complete grading criteria. Rev 12-17-17 …

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.


Discussion Questions (DQ)

Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.

Weekly Participation

Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.

APA Format and Writing Quality

Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.

Use of Direct Quotes

I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.

LopesWrite Policy

For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.

Late Policy

The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.


Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:
Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.

 Physiology discussion