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Researching Cancer Discussion

Researching Cancer Discussion

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Assessment Instructions

Fundamentally, cancer is a failure of the immune system. Cancer kills because it spreads and disturbs homeostasis. For this assessment, select, research, and then describe a specific type of cancer occurring in either the digestive system or endocrine system. Note: If you choose the digestive system, you may discuss a cancer of the primary digestive system or that of an accessory organ. To select the specific type of cancer you wish to research for this assessment, you are encouraged to refer to the materials linked in the Resources.

In order to complete this assessment, you will need to find high-quality, appropriate, and credible research resources on a specific type of cancer. Resources in the Capella library are recommended because they have been selected for quality and credibility, and are peer-reviewed. If you conduct Internet research outside the library, your resources must be reliable. The “Top 100 List: Health Websites You Can Trust” article, linked in the Resources under the Internet Resources heading, will be of particular help in selecting appropriate sources.

Assessment points will be deducted for citing unreliable sources such as Wikipedia, or other sites based on user-generated content. These sites are not peer-reviewed, and, in the case of Wikipedia, anyone can add an entry or change an entry. Hence, these types of sources should not be cited in college-level research papers. However, you may find Wikipedia useful as a starting point for your Internet research, as Wikipedia entries may provide links to other resources that are reputable and reliable.

Based on your research, write a paper that addresses all of the following:

  • Identify the type of cancer of the endocrine or digestive system that you have researched. Which cancer did you choose, and what part of the body does that cancer affect?
  • What are the biological changes that occur at the level of the cell that result in this type of cancer? What are the biological changes that occur at the level of the major organ as this cancer progresses?
  • What characteristics of cancer cells distinguish them from normal cells?
  • Consider how the disease affects the body as it progresses or spreads. What are some specific aspects of homeostasis that the spreading disease could affect? What self-regulating systems are upset because of this disease?
  • Which therapies are available for treatment for this specific type of cancer? How do these therapies work biologically to treat this type of cancer?
  • What are some lifestyle choices that might aid in prevention or treatment of this type of cancer? How do you incorporate these lifestyle choices in your daily life?
  • How are the biological changes of this cancer, at the level of the cell and organ, similar to and different from changes in other types of cancer?

FORMATTING REQUIREMENTS

  • Written communication: Written communication should be free of errors that detract from the overall message.
  • APA formatting: References and citations should be formatted according to APA (6th edition) style and formatting.
  • Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12-point.

SUGGESTED RESOURCES

The following optional resources are provided to support you in completing the assessment or to provide a helpful context. For additional resources, refer to the Research Resources and Supplemental Resources in the left navigation menu of your courseroom.Researching Cancer Discussion

Capella Resources

Click the links provided to view the following resources:


Capella Multimedia

Click the links provided below to view the following multimedia pieces:

  • Digestion | Transcript.
    • This presentation on the human digestive system focuses on the gut, mouth, pharynx, esophagus, epiglottis, small intestine, pancreas, gallbladder, liver, and large intestine.
  • Cell Structure and Function | Transcript.
    • This presentation examines different types of cells and how the body works at a cellular level.
  • Body System | Transcript.
    • This presentation looks at various systems and functions that will be addressed in this course. Review the endocrine system.
Library Resources

The following e-books or articles from the Capella University Library are linked directly in this course:

  • Silverstein, A., Silverstein, V. B., & Silverstein, R. A. (1994). The digestive system. New York, NY: Twenty-First Century Books.
  • Brooks, A. (2007). Systems of our body. Delhi, IND: Global Media.
    • “Digestive System.”
    • “Endocrine System.”
  • Rogers, K. M. A., Scott, W. N, Warner, S., & Willis, B. (2011). Paramedics! Test yourself in anatomy and physiology. Maidenhead, GBR: Open University Press.
    • Chapter 6, “The Endocrine System.”
    • Chapter 9, “The Digestive System.”
  • Singh, S. P., & Tomar, B. S. (2008). Cell biology. Meerut, IND: Global Media.
    • Chapter 23, “The Biology of Cancer.”
  • Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. (2002). Lippincott professional guides: Anatomy & physiology (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Author.
    • Chapter 6, “Endocrine System.”
    • Chapter 11, “Gastrointestinal System.”
    • Chapter 12, “Nutrition and Metabolism.”
  • Van De Graaff, K. M., & Rhees R. W. (2001). Human anatomy and physiology. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
    • Pages 139–140 and 142–146 in Chapter 19, “Digestive System.”
    • Chapter 13, “Endocrine System.”Researching Cancer Discussion
Course Library Guide

A Capella University library guide has been created specifically for your use in this course. You are encouraged to refer to the resources in the BIO-FP1000 – Human Biology Library Guide to help direct your research.

Internet Resources

Access the following resources by clicking the links provided. Please note that URLs change frequently. Permissions for the following links have been either granted or deemed appropriate for educational use at the time of course publication.

Bookstore Resources

The resources listed below are relevant to the topics and assessments in this course and are not required. These resources are available from the Capella University Bookstore. When searching the bookstore, be sure to look for the Course ID with the specific –FP (FlexPath) course designation.

  • Ireland, K. A. (2012). Visualizing human biology (4th ed.). Danvers, MA: Wiley.
    • Chapter 11, “Cancer.” This chapter will help you explore how cancer cells differ from healthy cells, as well as lifestyle choices that can help protect the body from cancer.
    • Chapter 14, “Nutrition: You Are What You Eat.” In this chapter, you will look at how the digestive system breaks molecules down into usable units of energy.
    • Chapter 15, “Digestive System.” In this chapter, you will explore the gastrointestinal (GI) tract to understand the process of digestion from ingestion to absorption. Use your knowledge of diffusion, osmosis, and active transport to understand how nutrient molecules enter the bloodstream to support homeostasis.
    • Chapter 17, “The Endocrine System.” While reading this chapter, use what you have already learned about cell structure and brain function to understand how hormones control many body functions and influence behavior. Explore specific examples of how feedback loops regulate body function to maintain homeostasis.

 

Unformatted Attachment Preview

10/30/2018 Researching Cancer Scoring Guide Researching Cancer Scoring Guide CRITERIA NONPERFORMANCE BASIC PROFICIENT DISTINGUISHED Describe cancer in Does not biological terms at identify cancer the levels of the cell. in biological terms. Identifies cancer in biological terms, but does not describe it at the level of the cell. Describes cancer in biological terms at the levels of the cell. Discusses cancer in biological terms at the levels of the cell, and explains how all cancer follows a similar path at the cellular level. Describe the steps in the progress of a specific type of cancer. Does not list the steps in the progress of a specific type of cancer. Lists the steps in the Describes the steps in progress of a the progress of a specific type of specific type of cancer. cancer, but does not describe the steps in adequate detail. Discusses the steps in the progress of a specific type of cancer in clear and concise detail, and discusses the impact each step has in the life of a cancer patient. Explain how cancer disrupts homeostasis. Does not identify how cancer disrupts homeostasis. Identifies but does not explain how cancer disrupts homeostasis. Explains how cancer disrupts homeostasis. Discusses how cancer disrupts homeostasis, and relates it to the mechanisms at the level of the cells involved. Identify a highquality and appropriate scientific information source on a biological topic. Does not list an information source on a biological topic.Researching Cancer Discussion
Lists an information source, but it may not be a high-quality or appropriate source, or may not have scientific credibility on a biological topic. Identifies a high-quality and appropriate scientific information source on a biological topic. Analyzes a high-quality and appropriate scientific information source on a biological topic, and supports the analysis with additional sources. Discuss the therapies available for treatment of a specific type of cancer. Does not identify therapies available for treatment of cancer. Identifies therapies available for treatment of cancer, but does not discuss the specific type of cancer chosen. Discusses the therapies available for treatment of a specific type of cancer. Compares the therapies available for treatment of a specific type of cancer and discusses impacts of the treatments on quality of life and expected clinical outcomes. Discuss the lifestyle choices that might aid in prevention or treatment of a specific type of cancer. Does not list lifestyle choices that might aid in the treatment or prevention of a specific type of cancer. Lists lifestyle choices that might aid in the treatment or prevention of a specific type of cancer. Discusses lifestyle choices that might aid in the treatment or prevention of a specific type of cancer. Discusses lifestyle choices that might aid in the treatment or prevention of a specific type of cancer, and provides an example of how these choices could be implemented. Write coherently to support a central idea in appropriate format with correct grammar, usage, and mechanics, including correct APA format and citations. Does not write coherently to support a central idea. Writes to support a central idea but the format is inconsistent and there are errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics. Writes coherently to support a central idea in appropriate format with correct grammar, usage, and mechanics, including correct APA format and citations. Writes coherently to support a central idea in appropriate format with correct grammar, usage, and mechanics, including correct APA format and citations, and using concise, clear, and thorough language. https://courserooma.capella.edu/bbcswebdav/institution/BIO-FP/BIO-FP1000/150701/Scoring_Guides/u03a1_scoring_guide.html 1/1 Source Evaluation Form: Journals and Books A Brief Checklist for Evaluating Journals and Books (Adapted from Capella’s iGuide.) Author What are the author’s credentials, educational background, past writings, or experience? Is the author associated with an institution or organization? Date of Publication When was the source published? Is the source current or out of date for your topic? Publisher Note the publisher. If a university press publishes the source, it is likely to be scholarly.Researching Cancer Discussion
Title of Journal or Book Is this a scholarly journal or a popular journal? Intended Audience Is the publication aimed at a specialized audience or a general audience? Objective Reasoning Is the information covered fact, opinion, or propaganda? On what did you base your answer? Is the author’s point of view objective and impartial? On what did you base your answer? Coverage Does the source extensively or marginally cover the topic? Evaluation Checklist © Capella University 2003 1 Source Evaluation Form: Web Sites A Brief Checklist for Evaluating Web Sites (Adapted from Capella’s iGuide.) Author or Web Site Producer Is the author or producer a well-known and well-regarded name you recognize? Is the author associated with an institution or organization? Publisher – Organization or Sponsor Is the name of an organization or sponsor given on the document you are reading? Does the organization or sponsor have a reputation for expertise in the subject matter? Does the Web site provide information describing the purpose of the organization or sponsor? Point of View or Bias Does this document reside on the server of an organization that has a political or philosophical agenda? Is the Web page a mask for advertising? Why was this written, and for whom? Intended Audience Is the publication aimed at a specialized audience or a general audience? Content Is the information covered fact, opinion, or propaganda? On what did you base your answer? Is the content accurate? How do you know? Does the content need to be verified by other resources? 1 Source Evaluation Form: Web Sites Scope Does the source extensively or marginally cover the topic? Currency How current is the information? How frequently is the resource updated? Is it a static resource? Evaluation Checklist © Capella University 2003 2 …Researching Cancer Discussion