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understanding of CAM and spirituality

understanding of CAM and spirituality

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Prepare a PowerPoint presentation of 8–10 slides that explains why an understanding of CAM and spirituality is important for members of health care teams; examines the ethical, legal, and financial principles related to CAM and spirituality; and describes how these forms of health care can impact plans of action.

Note: The assessments in this course build upon each other, so you are strongly encouraged to complete them in sequence.

SHOW LESSAs a leader in the field of nursing, it is important for you to identify areas within your organization that may need to improve cultural competence, and to develop educational materials to assist in doing so.

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:

  • Competency 1: Explain the principles and concepts of disease prevention and health promotion for diverse and vulnerable populations.
    • Describe how CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality can affect a plan of action for individuals and populations.
  • Competency 2: Develop evidence-based health promotion and disease prevention initiatives for diverse and vulnerable populations.
    • Identify topics for an organizational education plan on CAM and spirituality.
    • Explain the importance of health care professionals developing an understanding of CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality.
  • Competency 3: Apply basic epidemiological concepts, data analysis methods, tools, and databases to determine the effectiveness of health promotion and disease prevention initiatives for diverse and vulnerable populations.
    • Provide a list of resources to include in an organizational education plan on CAM and spirituality.
  • Competency 4: Examine the ethical, legal, and economic factors related to health disparities in diverse and vulnerable populations.
    • Examine ethical, legal, and economic principles related to CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality.
  • Competency 5: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and consistent with expectations for members of the health care professions.
    • Write content clearly and logically, with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
    • Correctly format citations and references using APA style.

    Context

    Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widely used in the United States. According to the 2007 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), 38.8 percent of U.S. adults and 12 percent of U.S. children use CAM therapies. The survey also reported on CAM use among members of ethnic groups, as a percentage of the group’s overall population:

    • American Indian and Alaska Natives, 50.3 percent.
    • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islanders, 4.32 percent.
    • Non-Hispanic whites, 43.1 percent.
    • Asians, 39.9 percent.
    • Blacks or African Americans, 25.5 percent.
    • Hispanics, 23.7 percent (Pérez & Luquis, 2014, p. 113).

    SHOW LESS

    Spirituality is part of the human experience, and its implications should be addressed in the health care system with a focus on communities with health disparities. In working with communities, the implications of culture and diversity are, in some cases, a central focus. The integration of the community-based participatory model is one way of creating connections for health and wellness promotion and programming for racial and ethnic communities (Pérez & Luquis, 2014).

    Reference

    Pérez, M. A., & Luquis, R. R. (2014). Cultural competence in health education and health promotion (2nd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

  • Assessment Instructions

    PREPARATION

    Your organization has seen an increase in the number of individuals using CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality. In addition to your work on the interdisciplinary team, you have been asked by your organization to prepare and deliver an educational session on CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality that can be used by all health care teams. How will you complete this task?You should focus on these concepts as they pertain to your population (from the Windshield Survey assessment), but also in a broader sense. Use the Capella library and the Internet to look for recent research articles or information on these topics to use as supporting resources in your assessment.

    REQUIREMENTS

    For this assessment, prepare a PowerPoint presentation in which you:

    • Identify the topics you will cover in your educational plan.
    • Provide a list of resources your audience can use to further their understanding of CAM.
    • Explain why it is important for nurses and members of other health care teams to develop an understanding of CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality.
    • Examine any ethical, legal, and economic principles related to CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality.
    • Describe how these forms of health care can affect a plan of action for individuals and populations.

    Your presentation should include a slide with the title of your educational session, a slide with the topics that will be covered (your agenda), and a reference slide at the end. Use the notes section of each slide to provide additional information on each topic, along with supporting references. References and in-text citations must adhere to APA guidelines.

    ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS

    • Include a title slide and reference slide. The completed assessment should be 8–10 slides in length, not including the title slide and reference slide.
    • Reference at least three current scholarly or professional resources.
    • Use current APA format for references.
    • Be creative!

    Professional Development Scoring Guide

    CRITERIA NON-PERFORMANCE BASIC PROFICIENT DISTINGUISHED
    Identify topics for an organizational education plan on CAM and spirituality. Does not identify topics for an organizational education plan on CAM and spirituality. Identifies topics for an organizational education plan on CAM, but does not include topics on spirituality. Identifies topics for an organizational education plan on CAM and spirituality. Identifies topics for an organizational education plan on CAM and spirituality, and explains why the topics are important to specific populations.
    Provide a list of resources to include in an organizational education plan on CAM and spirituality. Does not provide a list of resources to include in an organizational education plan on CAM and spirituality. Identifies resources to include in an organizational education plan, but the resources are not professional or have no connection to CAM and spirituality. Provides a list of resources to include in an organizational education plan on CAM and spirituality. Provides a comprehensive list of resources to include in an organizational education plan on CAM and spirituality, and explains how they are relevant to the topics and useful to the target audience.
    Explain the importance of health care professionals developing an understanding of CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality. Does not explain the importance of health care professionals developing an understanding of CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality. Explains the importance of continual development for health care professionals, but does not focus on the need to understand CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, or spirituality. Explains the importance of health care professionals developing an understanding of CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality. Explains the importance of health care professionals developing an understanding of CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality in terms of individuals, populations, local and global communities.
    Examine ethical, legal, and economic principles related to CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality. Does not examine ethical, legal, and economic principles related to CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality. Describes ethical, legal, and economic principles related to CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality. Examines ethical, legal, and economic principles related to CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality. Examines ethical, legal, and economic principles related to CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality; and how the principles impact organizations and local and global communities.
    Describe how CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality can affect a plan of action for individuals and populations. Does not describe how CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality can affect a plan of action for individuals and populations. Describes how CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality can affect a plan of action for individuals and populations, but description is incomplete or does not consider all aspects. Describes how CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality can affect a plan of action for individuals and populations. Analyzes how CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality can affect a plan of action for individuals and populations by looking at each element individually and its relationship to individuals and populations.
    Write content clearly and logically, with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics. Does not write content clearly and logically, with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics. Writes content clearly and logically, but grammar, punctuation, and mechanics have frequent errors. Writes content clearly and logically, with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics. Writes clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics; and uses relevant evidence to support a central idea.
    Correctly format citations and references using APA style. Does not correctly format citations and references using APA style. Inconsistently formats citations and references using APA style. Correctly formats citations and references using APA style. Citations contain few errors. Correctly formats citations and references using APA style. Citations are free from all errors.

 

Unformatted Attachment Preview

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT LEARNER’S NAME CAPELLA UNIVERSITY HEALTH PROMOTION AND DISEASE PREVENTION IN VULNERABLE AND DIVERSE POPULATIONS MAY, 2017 Copyright © 2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document is prohibited. CAM and Spirituality for Health Care Workers ➢ Organizational education plan on Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAM) and spirituality. ➢ ➢ An Overview of CAM and Spiritual Care What is spiritual care? ▪ Spiritual care is defined as meeting patients’ spiritual needs by identifying and recognizing the importance of spirituality to the patients (Baldachinno, 2015). Copyright © 2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document is prohibited. Ethical and Legal Principles of CAM ➢ The ethical principles of various alternative treatments in health care. ▪ ▪ ▪ ➢ Patient autonomy Consent Beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, and paternalism The legal principles of various alternative treatments in health care. ▪ ▪ ▪ Direct government-administered regulation. Government-sanctioned self-regulation. Independent self-regulation.(Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Doctors [CAMDOC] Alliance, n.d.). Copyright © 2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document is prohibited. Economic Principles of CAM ➢ Economic evaluation of CAM are the same as those used for conventional medicine. o Perspective of the Patients o Availability of Data on the Effectiveness of Therapies o Evaluating CAM Costs (Herman, 2013)
Copyright © 2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document is prohibited. Global Impact of Ethical, Legal, and Economic Principles of CAM ➢ Demand for CAM with traditional medicine implies a global acceptance of both traditional and alternative medicines. ➢ Globally, CAM has increased in acceptance by the health consumers and broader health services. ➢ CAM modalities are following differing ways toward or away from professionalization and integration in different countries. ➢ More research needs to be done for CAM. Copyright © 2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document is prohibited. Analyses of how Traditional Medicine, CAM, Spiritual, and Holistic Care Affects the Action Plan for Individuals ➢ Pros of TM and CAM for individuals ➢ Cons of TM and CAM for individuals ➢ Pros of Spiritual and Holistic Care for Individuals ➢ Cons of Spiritual and Holistic Care for Individuals Copyright © 2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document is prohibited. How Traditional Medicine, CAM, Spiritual and Holistic Care Affects the Action Plan for Hispanics • Around 11.8% Hispanics use biologically-based therapies, 10.6% Hispanics use mind-body therapies, and 6.7% Hispanics use manipulative and body-based practices (Pérez & Luquis, 2013).
• The CAM educational plan should focus on the three primary modules that are best tailored for Hispanics: • Natural Products • Mind and body medicine • Manipulative and body-based practices Copyright © 2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document is prohibited. Analyses of how Traditional Medicine, CAM, Spiritual, and Holistic Care Affects the Action Plan for Hispanics ➢ Pros of TM/CAM for Hispanics ➢ Cons of TM and CAM for Hispanics ➢ Pros of Spiritual & Holistic Care for Hispanics ➢ Cons of Spiritual and Holistic Care for Hispanics Copyright © 2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document is prohibited. Resources for Educational Plan on CAM and Spiritual Care ➢ Some educational resources and programs that may provide better understanding of CAM. ▪ A general internal medicine residency program at the Rhode Island Hospital and Brown University School of Medicine (Brown Alpert Medical School, n.d.). ▪ Courses about herbal medicine and nutritional supplements at the College of Pharmacy. (College of Pharmacy, 2014).
▪ The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) that provides resources for and supports scientific research initiatives in CAM (Perez & Luquis, 2013).
▪ Another excellent resource is a book titled ‘Evidence-Based Practice in Complementary and Alternative Medicine’ (Rastogi, Chiappelli, Ramchandani, & Singh, 2012). ▪ Educational resources for spiritual care are provided by the HealthCare Chaplaincy Network, which has developed two programs: the Professional Continuing Education (PCE) and Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE). (HealthCare Chaplaincy Network [HCCN], 2017). Copyright © 2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document is prohibited. Conclusion Along with the growing incorporation of CAM and conventional medicine in health care organizations and private practices, the quantity of health care education programs that teach CAM is also growing. Both traditional medicine practitioners and CAM practitioners have educational challenges ahead. However, meeting those challenges will contribute to the knowledge base and the capability to offer inclusive care.
Copyright © 2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document is prohibited. References • Azarsa, T., Davoodi, A., Khorami Markani, A., Gahramanian, A., & Vargaeei, A. (2015). Spiritual wellbeing, attitude toward spiritual care and its relationship with spiritual care competence among critical care nurses. Journal of Caring Sciences, 4(4), 309-320. https://doi.org/10.15171/jcs.2015.031 • Baldacchino, D. (2015). Spiritual care education of health care professionals. Religions, 6, 594-613. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel6020594 • Billings, S. (2014, October 7). Alternative medicine: Scope, examples, and advantages and disadvantages [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://naturalnewsblogs.com/alternative-medicine-scope-examples-advantages-disadvantages/ • Broeckaert, B. (2011). Spirituality and palliative care. Indian Journal of Palliative Care, 17(4), 39. https://doi.org/10.4103/0973-1075.76241 • Brown Alpert Medical School. (n.d.). Internal medicine residency program memorial hospital of Rhode Island. Retrieved from https://brown.edu/academics/medical/about/departments/medicine/residencies/internal-medicine-mhri/ Copyright © 2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document is prohibited. • College of Pharmacy. (2014). Herbal medicines. Retrieved from http://file.cop.ufl.edu/studaff/syllabi/PHA%205352%20Syllabus.pdf • Complementary and Alternative Medicine Alliance. (n.d.).
The regulatory status of complementary and alternative medicine for medical doctors in Europe. Retrieved from http://camdoc.eu/Pdf/CAMDOCRegulatoryStatus8_10.pdf • Consumer Reports. (2012). Latino use of alternative medicine and botanicas. Retrieved from http://consumerreports.org/cro/2012/02/is-it-safe-to-buy-herbs-from-botanicas/index.htm • Essential Medicines and Health Products Information Portal. (n.d.). Guidelines on developing consumer information on proper use of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine. Retrieved from http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/en/d/Js5525e/5.1.html • HealthCare Chaplaincy Network. (2017). Education. Retrieved from https://healthcarechaplaincy.org/education.html Copyright © 2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document is prohibited. • Herman, P. M. (2013). Evaluating the economics of complementary and integrative medicine. Global Advances in Health and Academics, 2(2), 56-63. https://doi.org/10.7453/gahmj.2013.002 • Koenig, H. G. (2012). Religion, Spirituality, and Health: The Research and Clinical Implications. ISRN Psychiatry, 2012, 133. https://doi.org/10.5402/2012/278730 • Paal, P., Helo, Y., & Frick, E. (2015). Spiritual Care Training Provided to Healthcare Professionals: A Systematic Review. Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: Advancing theory and professional practice through scholarly and reflective publications, 69(1), 19-30. https://doi.org/10.1177/1542305015572955 • Perry, M. (n.d.). The benefits of holistic treatments. HealthGuidance for Better Health. Retrieved from http://healthguidance.org/entry/11858/1/The-Benefits-of-Holistic-Treatments.html • Pérez, M. A., & Luquis, R. R. (2013). Cultural Competence in Health Education and Health Promotion. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons. Copyright © 2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document is prohibited. • Possamai-Inesedy, A., & Cochrane, S. (2013). The consequences of integrating complementary and alternative medicine: An analysis of impacts on practice. Health Sociology Review, 2048-2064. https://doi.org/10.5172/hesr.2013.2048 • Rastogi, S., Chiappelli, F., Ramchandani, M. H., & Singh, R. H. (2012). Evidence-based practice in complementary and alternative medicine: Perspectives, protocols, problems and potential in ayurveda. Berlin: Springer. • Symptonfind. (2016, May 7). Pros and cons of holistic medicine. Retrieved from https://symptomfind.com/procedures-tests/pros-and-cons-of-holistic-medicine/ • University of Minnesota. (n.d.). Why is spirituality important? | Taking charge of your health and wellbeing. Retrieved from https://takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/enhance-your-wellbeing/purpose/spirituality/whyspirituality-important • Wilkinson, A. (2014). Complementary Medicine: ethics. Nuffield Council on Bioethics. Retrieved from http://nuffieldbioethics.org/wp-content/uploads/Complementary_medicine_FINAL_FL_paper-1.pdf Copyright © 2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document is prohibited. …