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NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment

NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment

NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment

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Nursing Theory Sources

Ideas, questions, and phenomena within the domain of nursing are the sources of ideas for theory development. NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment

Past

Initially, nursing was almost completely dependent on other disciplines for sources of theoretical content in order to provide the underpinnings of nursing practice. This allowed other disciplines, particularly medicine, to dictate the problems of nursing instead of allowing nursing to generate its own questions.

In the early days of nursing education, theoretical content was derived from the domain of medicine, as the medical paradigm was far more powerful and better developed. Thus, medicine controlled nursing theory and, as a result, the domain of its knowledge. At the same time, nursing practice was also taking the first tentative steps toward becoming a source of theory. The patient, as the recipient of care, and actual nursing acts formed the focus of early theory development, and this change in focus reflects the initial efforts to differentiate nursing and medicine.

Consequently, nurses’ experience became a major source of theory because nursing care knowledge was based on personal experiences, transmitted through apprenticeship, teaching, and texts.

Present (NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment)

In the recent times, nursing theory has originated from:

  • Role Proliferation: Conceptualization of nursing as a set of functions became the focus of investigation, with theory evolving on how to prepare nurses for various roles.
  • Basic Sciences: PhD education of nurses in sociology, psychology, anthropology, and physiology introduced ideas from other disciplines and stimulated new ways of looking at nursing phenomena.
  • Nursing Process: Examination of processes in nurse-patient relationships and patient care triggered ideas and questions related to problem solving, priority setting, and decision making.
  • Nursing Diagnosis: Labels were given to and a universal nomenclature was developed for problems that fall within the domain of nursing. These are actually conceptual statements about the health status of patients and, therefore, the first step in theory development.
  • Concept Identification: Theory development encouraged identification of concepts central to nursing. Identification of relationships between concepts (propositions) defined a new nursing perspective.

NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment – Week 3 Project

Your “Personal Philosophy and Theoretical Concepts” Paper is due this week. Your paper should contain the following sections:

  • Nursing Autobiography: A brief (1 page) discussion of your background in nursing. This does not include future goals.
  • The Four Metaparadigms: Describe what the literature says about the basic four metaparadigms/concepts of patient, nurse, health, and environment. Do not relate the metaparadigms to the theory you have chosen.
  • Briefly describe the theory you have chosen.
  • Two Practice-Specific Concepts: in separate subsections discuss each of your two concepts:
    • What is the definition of the concept (outside of the theory)?
    • How does your theorist define your concept?
    • How does this concept apply to your clinical setting? Give an example of how nurses in your area provide care that correlates with the theorist’s definition of the concept.

You MUST use the attached template here to complete your paper.

The paper is to be thoroughly researched and well documented, with relevant material from the nursing theorists presented incorporated into the paper. Use the current edition of the APA Manual throughout the paper. Sources should focus on references from nursing theory but may also include conceptual and theoretical material from other professional domains. The paper, excluding references or appendices, is to be limited to 3-5 pages. Writing should be succinct and well organized, as it is impossible for the facilitator to evaluate form and content separately.

Submission Details:

  • Save your document as W3_Project_NSG5002_Lastname_Firstname.
  • Submit your document to the Submissions Area by the due date assigned.

Nursing Philosophies – NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment

The identification of nursing theory sources that are compatible with nursing work and accommodate the nursing perspective paved the way for the emergence of nursing philosophies. Nursing philosophy consists of assumptions and beliefs that guide the framework of nursing practice. This philosophy encompasses societal and individual human experiences (Salsberry, 1994)1, and addresses two central areas of commonality: the nature of human beings and the focus of nursing. Inherent fundamental assumptions provide the foundation of nursing philosophy. These philosophies help nurses to identify the focus of nursing as something quite different from that of the biomedical sciences.

Nursing philosophies also initiate reflective practice and encourage nursing professionals—from the novice to the expert—to explore their own values regarding health, nursing, and interaction with clients.

Though there are numerous philosophies and conceptualizations which have been developed over the past few decades, in this course we’ll be focusing on only a select few which have guided nursing endeavors.

Philosophy of Virginia Henderson

NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment – Week 3 Discussion

A phenomenon is the term used to describe a perception or responses to an event. Examples of phenomena in nursing include caring and responses to stress. Assumptions are the ideas that we take for granted. They explain the nature of the concepts in the theory, giving it structure.

Choose a middle-range theory or grand theory that, in your opinion, can be applied to research.

  • What is the phenomenon of concern in this theory?
  • What are the assumptions underpinning this theory?

Submission Details

  • In your discussion question response, provide a substantive response that illustrates a well-reasoned and thoughtful response; is factually correct with relevant scholarly citations, references, and examples; and demonstrates a clear connection to the readings.
  • Post your response to the Discussion area by the assigned due date.
  • Be sure to correct any spelling, grammar, or punctuation errors before you post.
  • By the end of day four (4), respond to at least 2 of your peers’ submissions. In your participation responses to your peers, comments must demonstrate thorough analysis of postings and extend meaningful discussion by building on previous postings.
    Note: Review South University’s Substantive Participation Policy Criteria, Helpful Tips, and Late Policy available by clicking on the South University Policy and Guidelines navigation tab here. The late policy applies to late discussion question responses. NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment
Feedback
36 / 40
90 %

Good work with nicely cited posts – just missing information in several references – most of your web references are not in the correct format.  Also, Henderson is a grand theorist, which you had not noted. Otherwise nice work!

Rubric

Response

No Submission
0 points
Emerging (F-D: 1-13)
13 points
Satisfactory (C: 14-16)
16 points
Proficient (B: 17-18)
18 points
Exemplary (A: 19-20)
20 points
Criterion Score
Quality of Initial Posting

No initial posting exists to evaluate.

The information provided is inaccurate, not focused on the assignment’s topic, and/or does not answer the question(s) fully. Response demonstrates incomplete understanding of the topic and/or inadequate preparation.

The information provided is accurate, giving a basic understanding of the topic(s) covered. A basic understanding is when you are able to describe the terms and concepts covered. Despite this basic understanding, initial posting may not include complete development of all aspects of the assignment. NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment

The information provided is accurate, displaying a good understanding of the topic(s) covered. A good understanding is when you are able to explain the terms and topics covered. Initial posting demonstrates sincere reflection and addresses most aspects of the assignment, although all concepts may not be fully developed.

The information provided is accurate, providing an in-depth, well thought-out understanding of the topic(s) covered. An in-depth understanding provides an analysis of the information, synthesizing what is learned from the course/assigned readings.

18 / 20

This table lists criteria and criteria group name in the first column. The first row lists level names and includes scores if the rubric uses a numeric scoring method.Participation

No Submission
0 points
Emerging (F-D: 1-6)
6 points
Satisfactory (C: 7-8)
8 points
Proficient (B: 9)
9 points
Exemplary (A: 10)
10 points
Criterion Score
Participation in Discussion

No responses to other classmates were posted in this discussion forum. NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment

May include one or more of the following:
*Comments to only one other student’s post.
*Comments are not substantive, such as just one line or saying, “Good job” or “I agree.
*Comments are off topic.

Comments to two or more classmates’ initial posts but only on one day of the week. Comments are substantive, meaning they reflect and expand on what the other student wrote.

Comments to two or more classmates’ initial posts on more than one day. Comments are substantive, meaning they reflect and expand on what the other student wrote.

Comments to two or more classmates’ initial posts and to the instructor’s comment (if applicable) on two or more days. Responses demonstrate an analysis of peers’ comments, building on previous posts. Comments extend and deepen meaningful conversation and may include a follow-up question.

10 / 10

This table lists criteria and criteria group name in the first column. The first row lists level names and includes scores if the rubric uses a numeric scoring method.Writing

No Submission
0 points
Emerging (F-D: 1-6)
6 points
Satisfaction (C: 7-8)
8 points
Proficient (B: 9)
9 points
Exemplary (A: 10)
10 points
Criterion Score
Writing Mechanics (Spelling, Grammar, Citation Style) and Information Literacy

No postings for which to evaluate language and grammar exist.

Numerous issues in any of the following: grammar, mechanics, spelling, use of slang, and incomplete or missing citations and references. If required for the assignment, did not use course, text, and/or outside readings (where relevant) to support work.

Some spelling, grammatical, and/or structural errors are present. Some errors in formatting citations and references are present. If required for the assignment, utilizes sources to support work for initial post but not comments to other students. Sources include course/text readings but outside sources (when relevant) include non-academic/authoritative, such as Wikis and .com resources. NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment

Minor errors in grammar, mechanics, or spelling in the initial posting are present. Minor errors in formatting citations and references may exist. If required for the assignment, utilizes sources to support work for both the initial post and some of the comments to other students. Sources include course and text readings as well as outside sources (when relevant) that are academic and authoritative (e.g., journal articles, other text books, .gov Web sites, professional organization Web sites, cases, statutes, or administrative rules).

Minor to no errors exist in grammar, mechanics, or spelling in both the initial post and comments to others. Formatting of citations and references is correct. If required for the assignment, utilizes sources to support work for both the initial post and the comments to other students. Sources include course and text readings as well as outside sources (when relevant) that are academic and authoritative (e.g., journal articles, other text books, .gov Web sites, professional organization Web sites, cases, statutes, or administrative rules).

8 / 10

Rubric Total ScoreTotal

36 / 40

Overall Score – NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment

Overall Score

No Submission0 points minimum
There was no submission for this assignment.
Emerging (F to D Range)1 point minimum
Satisfactory progress has not been met on the competencies for this assignment.
Satisfactory (C Range)28 points minimum
Satisfactory progress has been achieved on the competencies for this assignment.
Proficient (B Range)32 points minimum
Proficiency has been achieved on the competencies for this assignment.
Exemplary (A Range)36 points minimum
The competencies for this assignment have been mastered.

Example Discussion Approach

Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing Theory

Transcultural nursing theory is one of the models suggested for application in the practice of healthcare facilities. The theory was developed by Leininger, who notes that patients visiting hospitals have diverse cultural peculiarities. Hence, there is the need for cultural competence, awareness, and sensitivity practiced by nurses and other clinical service providers. The theorist postulates that the patients’ culture influences their health practices and care decisions; hence, nurses and physicians need to establish these influences before designing a care plan (McFarland & Wehbe-Alamah, 2019). The central phenomenon raised in the theory is that care should be culture-centered, with patients being allowed to decide on the treatment plans aligned with their beliefs, values, and norms. According to this theory, patients must be placed at the center of the healthcare facilities’ care process.

Nurses need to be sensitive to their clients’ culture and ensure that they do not execute any action likely to violate patients’ autonomy. The theory is also guided by beneficence and autonomy nursing principles, which require nurses to provide beneficial services and allow their clients the opportunity to select appropriate treatment approaches (Sagar & Sagar, 2018). Therefore, nurses must first establish the belief system and other culture-related preferences of their clients and incorporate these elements in the clinical plan. Leininger strived to ensure that nurses provided meaningful and effective care to foster positive outcomes. NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment

Additionally, the transcultural nursing theory is grounded on the idea that different cultures adhere to diverse care patterns. Therefore, each patient selects treatment decisions and care plans they are familiar with while perceiving any other care plan as ineffective and harmful. Therefore, the healthcare personnel should perform cultural evaluation of the clients, taking notes regarding the beliefs and norms surrounding patients’ healthcare practices (Sagar & Sagar, 2018). These findings should be integrated into the care plan to ensure that medical procedures are acceptable and easy to follow upon discharge from healthcare facilities. The study would also provide cultural knowledge to care providers, thereby improving their service delivery competence.

The theorist makes several assumptions during the model’s development. First, she contends that different cultures have diverse knowledge and perceptions about healthcare practices. According to the theory, the care practice starts from families and communities, and individuals are highly likely to adopt healthcare practices they became familiar with during their childhood (Smith & Parker, 2015). Differentiated cultural approaches to care call for nurses to ensure that they use an individualized approach that pays attention to the clients’ culture while ensuring that the primary nursing principles are upheld.

Furthermore, Leininger assumes that some factors influence patients’ healthcare choices; hence, there is the need for nurses to identify and integrate them into the care practice. For instance, the theorist argues that education, kinship, and religion are factors that dictate individuals’ health choices (McFarland & Wehbe-Alamah, 2019). For instance, some religions require their followers to refrain from blood transfusion, consume certain foods, or even avoid healthcare facilities when sick. Therefore, nurses need to consider these factors, addressing inapplicable ones and integrating favorable ones into the core processes of care.

Finally, the theorist assumes that nurses are only beneficial to patients when they understand their preferences, beliefs, expressions, and values. The main idea presented by Leininger is that clients’ culture influences clinical outcomes. The same argument is presented by Im and Lee (2018) stating that nurses with prior knowledge about the patients’ culture and preferences are likely to provide the most effective care. Therefore, it is difficult for nurses, based on the theorist’s arguments, to realize positive clinical outcomes when the clients’ beliefs and values are not integrated into the care process. NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment

References

Im, E., & Lee, Y. (2018). Transcultural nursing: Current trends in theoretical works. Asian Nursing Research, 12(3), 157-165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2018.08.006

McFarland, M. R., & Wehbe-Alamah, H. B. (2019). Leininger’s theory of culture care diversity and universality: An overview with a historical retrospective and a view toward the future. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 30(6), 540-557. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043659619867134

Sagar, P. L., & Sagar, D. Y. (2018). Current state of transcultural nursing theories, models, and approaches. Annual Review of Nursing Research, 37(1), 25-41. https://doi.org/10.1891/0739-6686.37.1.25

Smith, M.C. & Parker, M. E. (Eds.) (2015). Nursing theories & nursing practice (4th ed.). F.A. Davis Co. NSG 5002 Week 3 Nursing Theory Sources Assignment